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Replacement Theology

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This teaching says that the church has replaced Israel and Christians have replaced the Jews and that the Jews and Israel have no covenant with God and that the church has become all inclusive. However, Romans chapter 11 and the story of the two Olive Trees give us the true relationship between Christians and the Jewish people.

Some think that if you talk about Israel or the Hebrew people in a positive way, that is wrong, as if sin. This is ridiculous.

Let us begin here. Galatians 3:7-8Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.” Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.” Seed, singular, the Messiah, Yeshua, Jesus. There is only one good seed in the parable of the sower in Matthew 13:3-9 and Mark 4:3-9. Then Paul writes in Galatians 3:29And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

It is important that we build our theology and doctrine line upon line and precept upon precept. Isaiah 28:10, 13 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little... But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little…” There is only one seed of Eve, one seed of Abraham, only one body and one head of that body. Ephesians 2:11, 4:15-16.Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands… But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.” You and I who were Gentiles, outside the covenant of God. Well, if we were once Gentile then he is saying that we are no longer Gentiles outside the covenant, but in covenant with God, as citizens of the household of God, part of that body which is one, of both Jew and Gentile brought together and we become spiritual Jews.

Paul was a Torah expert, trained under the greatest teacher of the day. Acts 22:3 I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.” Paul was in line, being trained to become the next head of the Sanhedran. He knew the scripture. So when Paul speaks of the Olive tree, this isn’t something pulled out of a magical hat. This image of the Olive Tree is not brought out of thin air, but first came from Jeremiah 11:16-17. “The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, and of goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken. For the LORD of hosts, that planted thee, hath pronounced evil against thee, for the evil of the house of Israel and of the house of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke me to anger in offering incense unto Baal.” A cultivated Olive Tree will bear Olives, that is the implication. Every seed produces after its own kind (Genesis1:11).

Romans 11:17-24And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert grafted in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in. Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear: For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again. For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?”

Paul likens us to a wild olive tree, not a pear, fig or apple tree, but an olive tree. And we are wild, but grafted into the natural tree. Why? There is only one seed of Abraham. You have to be of the same species, so to speak. The scripture in Leviticus 19:19 and Deuteronomy 22:9 tells God’s people not to mix different species. Paul is being true to the laws of God so he likens the Gentiles to a wild tree being grafted into the cultivated tree. Most today see the New Testament Church and the Jews as two separate people, with two sets of rules and laws and two different destinies. But Paul makes the point that once the graft takes hold, there are not two trees, but one and that which was once a wild tree is not a part of that which has always been the true tree, identified as Israel. He tells us that the root is Israel, of which some limbs were removed but not all, meaning there is still a remnant that believes (Romans 11:5).

Not all the natural branches were broken off, some remained and then the wild branch, the non-Jewish people, who came to faith in Christ, the only true seed. There is only one tree and either you are part of that tree or not. There is only one seed and root and either you are part of it or not. There is only one body and you are in the body or out of the body. We have to remember that the first Christians, the first apostles and church were all Jewish until Jesus revealed to them that the covenant was also for the Gentiles and not just the Jews.

This graft, as it comes in, it is what they call a side graft, where there is a cut into the side or trunk of the tree. Then you take the wild branch, the Gentiles, called a scion, meaning heir. Paul said we were heirs if we were of His seed. Galatians 3:29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

This heir, this scion is cut as well and joined and bound to the Olive Tree. If it takes, it takes three days. In that three days the process of the wild branch becoming cultivated begins. When Jesus, the seed or root stock hung on the tree, a spear was thrust into his side. John 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” Then He came out of the tomb three days later, allowing us to be grafted into His body (Romans 11:22).

Jesus was called the second Adam (1 Corinthians 15:45). We had Adam 1 and then Adam 2. Adam was put to sleep for God to make Eve from his rib (Genesis 2:21). Jesus was cut under his rib to produce the believers who are now part of His body. We have both the believers old and new.

When a grafted branch comes into a tree it is not to usurp the natural tree. When you graft something wild into something cultivated, it actually prompts the natural branches to produce more fruit. The end result is that both the natural and wild grafted branch will produce the same fruit because there is the same root.

Some of the natural branches were cut off the Olive tree that Paul tells us about in Romans 11:17-24, and a wild branch is grafted into it, but it is still one tree. It is not Israel versus the church or Israel versus believers in Christ.

Ephesians 4:4-6 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” One body, one faith, which came through the Abrahamic covenant and that is why Abraham is mentioned.

Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:” In the Garden of Gethsemane, in the old Olive trees, little shoots start growing up and they become an Olive Tree at the root. You can cut the main tree down and the small new branches that come from the root will grow. That is the Hebrew “branch shall grow out of his roots.” The word for branch is netser, nay'-tser.

A Hebrew scholar did research to see what Christians were called before they were called Christians. Christians come from the Greek Christos. It was actually a derogatory word. Acts 11:26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.”

However, the Christians in the Hebrew language were called nathreme which comes from the Greek netser, nay'-tser in Isaiah 11:1. If you replaced that Hebrew word with the word Christians, as they were later called, then you would get “And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and Christians shall grow out of his roots.” This is only for understanding.

Isaiah 11:1 was a prediction of what would happen and come out of that root of the old tree that is Israel when the Gentiles were grafted into the church in Acts 10. After the Gentiles came into the covenant with Christ and the Gentile tree was grafted into the tree of Israel, then the name of the believers was changed in Acts 11 to Christian. This is how the wild Olive tree was grafted in, when the gospel was preached to Cornelius.

When we read Galatians 3, Ephesians 2 and Romans 11 together what they are saying or teaching is this. When we believe in the Messiah, when we accept Him by faith and change our lives and began to walk after Him, we became part of Israel. We did not replace Israel, but were that wild branch coming into an already existing tree identified as Israel and we become a part of that body. It is not replacement theology, but placement theology. We, Gentiles were grafted in and placed into an already existing body of Jewish believers and Apostles who were the first members of the New Testament church. We have forgotten our roots and heritage. We were grafted in and are with and a part of that tree that was Israel, not separate from it.

Then Paul said that those branches that were broken off, could be grafted back into their own tree. It is not the tree of the Gentiles apart from the Jews. That is also absolutely possible in the natural sense. You can take a dead olive branch and graft it back into an olive tree.

Romans 11:25-26For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:” The word conceits would be better labeled doctrines. Blindness in part has always interpreted that to mean that Jews do not see the identity of the Messiah. That is correct. But notice that it says blindness in part, partial blindness, not total blindness. Well, if they do not see the identify of the Messiah, what do they see. The other side of the coin is that if we are a part of Israel and blindness in part has happened to Israel and we are part of Israel then perhaps we have been partially blind as well. We see the identity of the Messiah, but what is it that we Gentiles don’t or have not seen?

If we are part of Israel and blindness in part has happened to Israel, we have always interpreted to say that is their blindness, but if it is in part then there is something they do see. If we are Israel and we are seeing the Messiah Israel, we are also blinded in some part because we are wild branches. Simply there is a part they don’t see and a part we don’t see.

Revelation 12:17And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.” The dragon can’t get to the male child so he makes war with the seed. We see the Messiah for who he is and we obey His commandments. The Jews are castigated because they don’t see who the Messiah is, but they keep His commandments. They keep the feasts of the Lord. We see the identity of the Lord and so we have not seen the importance of keeping the feasts of the Lord.

We are at the end of the second millennial day since the Messiah was cut in His side, just like the root stock of the tree. We are at the threshold of the third millennial day. It takes three days for that wild olive branch to take hold and when it does it will produce the same kind of fruit that grows on the natural branches.

This is why twenty years ago you didn’t see any Christian churches talking about the feasts, keeping them, wanting to learn Hebrew, or anything else Jewish. But now that is growing. The wild branch is being transformed into a cultivated branch to produce the same kind of fruit. Also 15 years ago if a Christian went to Israel, the Jews had nothing to do with them. They didn’t read the New Testament, watch Christian TV or want to associate with us. Now, when evangelical Christians go to Israel, the Jews are very friendly with them and there is a growing incredible friendliness and merging of understanding of the Bible. They even showed the movie, “The Passion” in Israel. That would never have happened 20 years ago.

This is what Paul was saying in Romans 11:25. The fullness of the Gentiles is not numbers, as in a certain number accepting the Messiah, who are a part of Israel. When their other eye is opened, then all of Israel will be saved. When we, the Gentile part of the tree, begin to see the other part of this, that will provoke them to say, “Why do you do this.” Then we will say, “Because the Messiah told me to.” When that happens, all Israel will be saved.

It is not when the church reaches its assignment then that is the fullness, and we are raptured out of the world and then Israel is grafted into the church and saved. This is a new view and concept of this passage. Our understanding of what they see that we don’t and what we see that they don’t, it works both ways, when they begin to merge then that is the fullness. The church will have its deliverance through the coming of Christ and Israel will have its deliverance through its Messiah coming and then all Israel will be saved.


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