Brief Introduction: In the Torah, in Leviticus 23:2 we read: “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.” ‘Feasts’ comes from a Hebrew word meaning an appointed time. Also it can mean a rehearsal, referring to that which will happen in the future. They were a picture, a type and shadow of what God would do in the future.
Leviticus 23:5-34 gives us a list of seven feasts that God appointed for the Israelites to keep. There were three spring feasts, Pentecost and three fall feasts.
The Jews have two calendars; a religious calendar and a civil or secular calendar. The religious calendar beings in the March-April time frame, the time or month of Passover. Then in the fall there is the beginning of the secular calendar and their new year. Leviticus23:24 “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.” This is at the time of the Feast of Trumpets.
The seven feasts have three-fold applications. They have a natural explanation, a spiritual manifestation, and a prophetic implication. They center around the natural times of the year known as seed-time, harvest and rain time. God knew these seasons and He centered the feasts during their seasons of harvest. When you understand these natural events, then you can better understand the feasts. Then the feasts have a spiritual manifestation. They were ordained by God and something happened for the people during these times of the year.
Passover: Exodus 12:23 “For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.” Exodus 12:11 “And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.” Unleavened Bread was the day they came out of Egypt, Exodus 23:15. “Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)” First fruits or the Barley harvest. Exodus 23:16-19 “And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD. Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the morning. The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.” Pentecost was the only feast which was by itself, separated from the three spring and three fall feasts which were connected together. It was when Moses received the law on Mount Sinai (Exodus chapters 19-32). The Feast of Trumpets, the beginning of the New Year. Because Pentecost, also know as the feast of harvest, was separate, it meant that there were three times in the year that the men had to come up to Jerusalem to the temple. Leviticus 23:14-17 “Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year. Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.” Here God refers to the three spring feast simply as the feast of unleavened bread and the three fall feasts as the feast of ingathering. Today the spring feasts are all called Passover and the three fall feasts, Atonement. Leviticus23:24. “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.” Then Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement for the sins of the people, Leviticus 23:27-28. “Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.” Then the Feast of Tabernacles was established representing Israel’s living in the wilderness for 40 years, a time in which they lived in booths or tents. Leviticus 23:34 “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.”
So we see that the feasts had a very practical application of seed time, rain time and harvest; they had a spiritual manifestation in that all the feasts are connected to the natural nation of Israel and they were all connected to Israel coming out of Egypt with Moses. But then the feasts not only have a spiritual manifestation but also a prophetic application, pointing to events to happen in the future.
Passover, the first of the year was celebrated on the 14th day of Nissan, the eating of the lamb on the 15th of Nissan. Exodus 12:3-5 “Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:” The people were about to come out of Egypt. God made a judgment to cause Pharaoh to release the people. They took a lamb and slaughtered it between the evenings, between 3pm and 6pm. The father laid his hands on the lamb, blessed it, cut it’s throat, (Exodus 12:7) and the blood was put on the mantel or top of the doorpost and on each side. “And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.” No blood placed on the ground because that represents backsliding. Hebrews 10:29 “Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?” The places the blood was placed represented the three crosses. The lamb was roasted on two pomegranate sticks, also making a representation of the cross; one going sideways across the chest cavity and the other going lengthwise from the head to the rearend. Then as the death angel came by they kept their staff in their hands, staying ready to leave Egypt. The Passover lamb represented two things, that by his stripes we are healed and also His being the redemption for our sins. Isaiah 53:5 “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” Romans 10:9-10 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.”
When they ate the lamb, they received physical healing and when they left the land, scripture says that there was not a feeble person among them. Psalm 105:37. “He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes.” When they put the blood on the doorpost, it saved their lives. So in the story is both a provision for physical healing and redemption or spiritual healing. 1 Corinthians 5:7 Jesus was crucified at Passover. “Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:”
The meaning of Passover is more than looking back at the Exodus but also pointing to Christ who was our Passover lamb. The festivals are both a picture and a rehearsal. For 1500 years God was giving the people a picture of what was to happen in the future. Why did pharaoh change his mind? Why did he give them permission to go three days journey and then they were to come back. The answer is found in the matter of Joseph and the command he gave concerning his bones. Genesis 50:25. “And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.” Exodus 13:19 “And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.” The people didn’t have permission to leave forever and not come back, only to go three days journey to make sacrifice to God and then return. But the people first went to Succoth to remove the bones of Joseph and then left and so Pharaoh changed his mind. Joseph’s tomb was empty and when Pharaoh, who represents Satan symbolically, realized that the tomb was empty, it meant that the people would be liberated and he considered them his personal slaves or possession. Joseph in Hebrew is “Yowceph, yo-safe'”, Rama means a high place. It was the seat of Idolatry. And Joseph of Rama translated from the Old Testament Hebrew into Greek is Joseph of Aramathia, the whose tomb Jesus was laid in and which is empty today.
The Israelites were going back to the Promised Land. Pharaoh knew they were free when he saw that Joseph’s tomb was empty. Satan knew we were set free when he saw the empty tomb of Joseph of Aramathia. It is a picture. One of many pictures given in the story of the Exodus.
When you mention Passover, you have to mention the bitter herbs, the unleavened bread and the Passover lamb. They used a Passover tray today with six places for each of the elements used in the feast. Even in the time of the temple they had a tray for the different elements. Because there is no temple there is no Pascal lamb, but during the Passover they put a shank bone of a lamb on the plate to remind them of that sacrifice, then the bitter herbs (to bring tears to the eye to remember the event), a roasted egg to remember the festival offering. They had a lamb that was sacrificed for the whole nation as well as the lamb sacrificed for each family. So an egg was put on the platter to represent that sacrifice for the nation. Then a walnut, apple mixture to remind them of the making of the mortar, then lettuce and parsley. Seder means service. The Passover Seder is the Passover order or service. The parsley was dipped into salt-water to commemorate the crossing of the red sea and then out of that came life; because on the other side they were a free people, free from the bondage of pharaoh. When Jesus was on the cross, he said I thirst and the hyssop branch, similar to parsley was dipped in gall with vinegar and given to him. John 19:28-29 “After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.”
The matzo or unleavened bread. In the days of the temple, the people made their own matzo on a griddle. They used dough with no leaven, made cakes and cooked it on a griddle. As they cooked it, they pierced it to make sure that the bread didn’t rise. The end result was a piece of bread with stripes caused by the griddle, full of holes where it has been pierced which is a picture of being without sin or leaven. It represents the Messiah who received stripes for our healing and was pierced for our redemption. Psalms 22:16 “For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.” Isaiah 53:5 “But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” It is a picture of the Messiah prophesied hundreds of years before the cross. Matthew 27:46 “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” Many preached that the Father turned His back on Jesus, but that is not what happened. He was teaching from the tree, taking the people back to Psalm 22, a picture of what was happening. And the people would have recited the Psalm, because they knew it by memory. The matzo is a perfect picture of the Passover.
The matzo plays the most important role in the Seder feast. They have a matzo bag that has 3 compartments. In each compartment they place a piece of matzo. The rabbi’s debate the reason for the three as to whether they represent the priests, the Levites and Israel. Others say they represent the 3 patriarchs. Others think they represent the 3 angels who visited Abraham before the judgment of Sodom and Gomorrah. If the three matzo’s represent the 3 Patriarchs, the middle one would be Isaac, the promised seed and son that was taken to Mt Moriah which would represent the sacrifice. Isaac was a type of Jesus, the promised Messiah.
The matzo bag is also called the unity bag, as the Father, Jesus and HS are a trinity and yet one (1 John 5:7). “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.” During the course of the Seder as they went through the elements, the father or one conducting the Seder would remove the middle matzo from the bag, pronounce a blessing over it and then break it. Then he took part of the matzo and wrapped it within a linen napkin. Most, when they do it ask the children to hide their eyes. Then they take the napkin with that piece of matzo hidden inside and put it aside. It will come back into the service later. Then the other half of the broken matzo is taken and a blessing is pronounced over it. “Blessed are you O Lord our God, king of the universe who brings forth bread from the earth” Then they eat it. It is called the bread of Affliction. After the ceremony, in the days of the temple they had a piece of lamb on the table. They ate the bitter herbs and they had four cups. The cup of Sanctification, the cup of affliction, then the 3rd cup taken after the eating of the Passover lamb was called the cup of redemption. Luke 22:20 “Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.” It was after supper that Jesus said, This Cup, referring to the cup of redemption, “Is the cup of the blood of the New Testament, take and drink all of it’ and then passed it around to the disciples. That cup we take at communion. Then the 4th cup is called the cup of Elijah, which had prophetic meaning.
Then after they ate the Passover supper and partook of the 3rd cup of redemption, Jesus took the matzo bread that had been broken off and hid in the linen napkin and said this is my body broken for you. (Luke 22:19) Then He passed the bread around. After the destruction of the temple, there is no lamb, so the bread that was hidden in the napkin has come to replace the lamb and the Passover meal is not finished until they remove and eat that bread, called the resurrected bread. It is as they are looking at the Passover lamb. Jesus said, this is my body. What is the picture?
When Jesus was buried. Matthew 27:57-60 “When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed.” Jesus was wrapped in linen and hidden from the eyes of the disciples in the tomb. In the Passover Seder in the Jewish picture, the children go looking for the linen with the hidden matzo. When they find it they bring it to the father. It becomes an offer and promise called the promise of the father. A child finds the bread and takes it to the father. They ask for something, like a bike. The father says, I can’t give that to you right now, but I will give you this dollar as a token or down payment with a promise to give the bike in the future. The children find and bring to the father the hidden bread, which he needs to complete the Passover meal. To get it from the child, he make a promise to give the child what they ask for at a later time and gives the child a token of what they desire. He then unwrapps the bread that is then eaten.
John 20:5-9 “And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.” Josheph of A, they found at the tomb only the empty grave clothes or napkin because the Father had resurrected Jesus and He was no longer there. The token the child is given for finding the hidden bread is called ‘the promise of the father.’ In Luke 24:49 Jesus said, “And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.”. Those at the tomb, who found the empty tomb and knew it was empty received the gift promised of the father on the day of Pentecost, weeks later, a celebration still depected by Jews today. 1 Corinthians 15:4-8 “And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.”
Paul referred to the HS as a token of the promise. Jewish homes look back in history to commemorate the Passover of Egypt. But when Jesus sat with his disciples, He said, this do in remembrance of me (Luke 22:19). “And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.” What you have done for the past 1500 years has been in anticipation of something, but it is now about to be fulfilled, so now as often as you do this, do it not to remember the Passover of Egypt, but to remember me!
We know that the broken piece of bread hidden in the linen that comes back at the end that represents the Passover lamb did not exist until the first century. A group of people in the first century, after the cross and the destruction of the temple, ad nothing on the table to represent the lamb that was slain, so they brought this hidden bread into the Passover Seder. In fact, it was instituted by Jesus at the time of the Last Supper.
Romans 15:4 “For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.” The things in the OT, the covenants were a picture of what was to come. Christians can celebrate Passover. It is a way to teach the people today of what the feast is all about and the roots and meaning of it and that it is a picture of Christ. Most only know that a cup and bread is used in the Lord’s Supper, but they don’t know where it came from and it’s history and significance. The early church kept the Passover, as well as having communion at other times. Jesus told them, when you celebrate the Passover, do it in remembrance of me. It is a picture of the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ. We have the cup of redemption, the 3rd cup of the four, the bread represented his broken body and the holes the nails and the stripes his strips and bruising for us. The matzo or unity bag, which to us represents the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The center one is the son, brought out, broken, part hidden away or buried, found and resurrected and eaten to remember what He did for us.
The priest had to leave his family and spend 7 days alone in the temple. Jesus spend the night alone, was arrested and stayed in the temple and could not eat or sleep the night before the crucifiction in a dungeon. Before the Passover, the high priest took off his priestly garments and put on linen garments. Jesus had a seamless linen garment. John 19:23 “the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.”
On the day of atonement, Yom Kippur, the 7th month and 10th day, God set aside and ordained the High priest to go into the Holy of Holies and sprinkle the blood 7 times for the priesthood, on the east side of the alter, once up and 7 times down for the priesthood. Then he continues to make offerings for the Levites and the Israelites. One of the parts of the ceremony was the two goats which they say represents Esau and Jacob. Genesis 25:23-26 “And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger. And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau. And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau's heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.” The identical twins.
Esau was hairy and they used a name meaning hairy goat in the sacrifice. They used two identical goats, representing Esau and Jacob as the Patriarchs of old were deceived by goatskin. Genesis 37:31-33. “And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood; And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no. And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.” They lied about Joseph being killed when he wasn’t.
Genesis 27:15-24 “And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son: And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck: And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob. And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son? And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought it to me. And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not. And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands: so he blessed him. And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am.” The deception of Isaac of which son was receiving the blessing. The goatskin represented being tricked or deceived. So on the Day of Atonement there was another picture of Jesus. The priest took the two goats, had a lottery, a wooden box with two pieces of wood with brass marked that one was for the devil, the scapegoat and one for the Lord. When the priest took the wooden piece marked for the Lord, it represented the favor of God on the nation. Throughout history it is said that the priest always picked that one first, even though he didn’t see it. That goat would be sacrificed on the altar. The other goat was taken, and some believe that the name given it represented the devil, others a place in the Judean wilderness. But history tells us the priest took the goat, laid his hands on the horns of the goat and by prayer, transferred the sins of the people to the goat. It was then led across the mountain into the wilderness and it used to be turned loose in the wilderness, but later on they started throwing it off a cliff because it started coming back into their cities and because it represented the sins of the people, that had a bad meaning, that God hadn’t forgiven their sins and they were come back on them. Because God used the natural as a shadow and a type or picture of the spiritual, we know from scripture that as God rejected the people because of their sins and idolatries, he then no longer did miracles concerning their feasts and the Day of Atonement.
One red thread was attached to each of the goats and a third red thread was tied to the temple doors and history says that when the scapegoat was killed and died, the red thread turned white and the people knew their sins were forgiven. They referred to Isaiah 1:18. “Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.” They say this alludes to the red thread that turned white supernaturally – this is Jewish history. This happened until about 30 AD, one generation before the destruction of the temple. Also they say that that year they couldn’t light the central shaft of the menorah. If you look at it chronologically, it was the year that Jesus began his ministry and was proclaimed as the ‘lamb of God which took away the sins of the world.’ Because He would now take the sins of those who would believe upon Him, God stopped doing the miracles and the high priest didn’t pick the name tag for the goat that was for the Lord first, the red thread tied to the door of the temple didn’t turn white, the scapegoat stopped dying in the wilderness and started appearing in the villages of the people, the priest couldn’t light the central shaft of the menorah. Think about it. These are not all coincidental things. They were all a part of the holiest day of the year and the most holy and important sacrifice they could make, for atonement of their sins.
How do two identical goats fit into the Passover? Matthew 27:16-21 “And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.” Jesus name was Yeshua, but a man released was name Barabas, bar means son and abas means of the father. Barabas is released and allowed to go free and Jesus was crucified. Jewish history documents say that the real name of barabas was Yeshua Barabas. The man let go, the son of the father let go and the true Son of the Father was killed. There was offered to the people which one to release, as a lottery. This was intentional and possibly done as a mockery. But the goats had to be identical, one to die for the Lord and one to eventually die with sin upon it. The red thread turned white, which was the sign they were forgiven.
On the cross? John 19:34 “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” Out followed blood then water. The blood drained from his body, then his heart collapsed and where the blood had flowed, then came out water and it flowed clear, a picture that their sins were forgiven. These scarlet threads were wool, about 1 in wide and 18 inch long. One was put on the neck of the goat for the Lord, one on the horn of the goat for the devil and one put on the door of the temple. There were 3 crosses on Golgotha. Their Jesus died for the Lord, a thief that was unrepentant, died with sin on him and a thief that was changed, a sinner, forgiven. The Greek for Remember is the opposite of dismember meaning I am broken, put me back together again.
The inscription on the cross. Mark 15:26 “And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.” Luke 23:38 “And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” John 19:19 “And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.” Written in three languages. When the Greek is translated back to the Hebrew you find the significance of that writing over the cross.
A key is a Greek letter called the Omicron, which can be translated the, and, of. A temple over Zeus in Pergamos, at the time of Jesus, read Zeus of Pergamos, king and God. There the omicron is translate ‘of’ and ‘and’. Ysua Hanotzri b.melech hayehudm, Jesus the Nazarene and King of the Jews. Zechariah 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.” ‘And’ there makes it sound like two different donkeys, but in proper Hebrew they repeat using the ‘and’ to tie them together.
A small bronze tag was tied with a red thread around the neck of each lamb that was to be sacrificed on the Day of Atonement, it was to show God that their name was there, they were making the sacrifice for their sins.
The Catholics use INRI on the cross, which was the first letters of the Latin words put above the cross. John 19:21 “Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.” The Jews were mocking Jesus, calling Him the king of the Jews, so why did they object to this inscription? It was because they took the first letters of a Hebrew word to see if it spelled something hidden within. From the Hebrew translation for the inscription you get YHVH, the most sacred unspeakable name of God to the Jews. Yehovah. Even in the synagogue today they will not speak this name. God told them don’t take this name in vain, or lightly. So they refuse to say it at all so as not to be guilty of that. So they say, ‘the name’ of Adonai, but not YHVH. They said, write, He said he was king of the Jews. But Jesus never told them He was. They asked if He was and He said only, It is as you say or you have said it. So Pilot put up an inscription that marked the Lamb of God for the Father.
The Passover represents his broken body, shed blood and how he came back out of the grave and gave the gift of the Holy Spirit. The fulfillment of the feast was Jesus dying on the cross. The High Priest at the end of the Passover sacrifice held out his hands and said, ‘it is finished. Jesus on the cross, before dying, said “it is finished. John 19:30 “When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.” This was done exactly as the last lamb was sacrificed. The Pascal lamb brought 4 days earlier into the temple, was slaughtered at 3pm, the time Jesus died. As the High Priest on the temple mount was saying, ‘it is finished’, on Golgatha, Jesus said, ‘it is finished.’
The preparation day, Nissan 14th, the Passover meal, that night 15th (after 6pm) they ate the meal. Exodus 12:11 “And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.” A Jewish family today before the Passover meal take a candle and feather and go clean all the corners of the house, take the pieces of leaven out of the house and burn it. The night before the crucifixion, in the garden, was made sin for us, the leaven. Judas leads the temple guards to look for the leaven. John 18:1-5 “When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.” They remove Jesus, who is put outside the camp and executed. So even in the search for leaven was the picture of Christ.
First Fruits. The Passover eaten the night that begins the 15th, which begins the week of Unleavened day. The first day of the week that follows the first Sabbath in the feat time, is called the first fruits, the time of the barley harvest, and the first fruits of the harvest were presented to the Lord. 1 Corinthians 15:20, 23. “But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept… But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.” When Jesus raised from the dead, many of the dead saints were seen walking the streets. Either they rose from the dead with Christ (Luke 16:19-22) “There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores. And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried.” Matthew 12:40 “For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Ephesians 4:8-9 “Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth?” Jesus was 3 days and nights in paradise. Then he rose from the dead as the first-fruits of them that slept. Those in paradise, in the center of the earth, across the gulf from hell, were then taken to heaven where they are now and where the NT saints go upon death. The resurrection to come is for the dead in Christ. Jesus already resurrected the OT saints.
John 20:5-17 “And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead. Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him. And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.”
The body is missing, Mary sees Him but doesn’t recogniaze Him until HE speaks. Why did she not recognize him? In the OT time the High Priest had beautiful garments which were taken off and linen garments put on. Now, when Jesus was crucified, he was stripped naked and buried only with the napkins of burial, though he might have had a loin cloth to cover his privates, that is a question that is debated. But when He rose from the dead, he left the grave clothes and was yet clothed when Mary saw him. Where did he get the clothers. What was he wearing? Those are unanswered questions. John 19:38-40 “And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.”
His clothes had to come from God, from heaven. Jesus was to become the High Priest of Heaven, but first he had to go into the Holy of Holies in Heaven, where satan fell, and purify the things in heaven with his blood because of satan’s sin in heaven. Hebrews 9:23-28 “It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” As the priest took the blood on the day of atonement and went into the Holy of Holies to sprinkle the blood on the ark and vessels, so Jesus had to do in heaven with his blood, dressed in a linen garment as the high priest to make the atonement in heaven. That is one reason Mary may not have recognized Him. John 20:17 “Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.” He could not delay, but had to go to heaven then, right after talking to Mary to heaven. The question is then when did Jesus take the OT saints into heaven, then or 40 days later when He ascended in their sight. Acts 1:9 “And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.” There is where is seems most likely they were taken into heaven, though they were raised from the dead when Jesus was and were seen in the streets of Jerusalem. Then Jesus atoned for the original sin of satan in heaven, where he had defiled the heavenly temple and gave us direct access to the throne of God, not just for prayer so that the OT saints could stand there in His presence. John 20:19 “Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.”
Eight days later he appears to Thomas. He shows that he is alive as the first fruits. The high priest went into the chambers of the temple 7 days before the day of the sacrifice. We don’t know how long Jesus was in heaven after speaking to Mary performing those functions spoken of in Hebrews, but then after 8 days he appears to the disciples, locked in a room.
We know that he came from the grave on the first day of the week. First Fruiits was the day Jesus was resurrected. There were up to 3 million people in Jerusalem taking their first fruit offerings. Matthew 27:52-53 “And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.” It is possible that these first fruits of the dead, the OT saints were there to be presented before the Lord at that time, as the natural first fruits were being presented to the Lord.
In the spring feasts we had the Feast of Passover – Jesus’ crucifixion or death on the cross, the Feast of Unleavened Bread his burial as the bread is put in the linen and hidden away and the Feast of Firstfruits, his resurrection. Passover, is our redemption, unleavened bread, the taking of the leavened bread is our sanctification, then the infilling of the Holy Spirit is at the next feast called Pentecost.
Leviticus23:15 “And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:” The Sabbath day referred to is the day of first fruits of the barley harvest. Then 50 days later… (V.17, 20). “Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD… And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.” From the day of first fruits, or barley harvest they counted 7 Sabbaths, then the next day would be the day of Pentecost. This time, instead of bringing unleavened bread, they brought two loaves of leavened bread as a wave offering to the Lord. This is not the barley harvest, but the wheat harvest. John 12:24 “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.” Jesus was that corn of wheat. Fifty days later the church was born. The first unleavened bread was Christ dying for us. 2 Corinthians 5:21 “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” Leaven represents sin. Yet here are two leavened pieces of bread representing the Jewish and Gentile branches of the church coming together in Christ. Acts 2:1-4, “And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” ‘fully come’ what does that mean?
Exodus 19:10-11 “And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.” They set themselves apart and washed and got ready. The three days was used to set boundaries so no one went beyond the boundary and would be killed by God (V.12). “And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death:” It was a time of preparing the heart and getting spiritually prepared to come before the Lord. In Acts 2, they were observing this time of setting bounds and getting prepared. Luke 24:49 “And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.”
They knew when, so they were in the upper room getting prepared for those three days before. Pentecost, at the time of Moses had a holy nation (Exodus 19:6). “And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.” We are to be a holy nation unto the Lord (1 Peter 2:9). “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:” They had the rushing wind on Sinai and we had the rushing mighty wind of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:2). “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.” They had the fire of God on mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18); “And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.” we had cloven tongues of fire from the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:3). They had the law written in stone (Exodus 24:12). “And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.” And we had the law of God written on our hearts (2 Corinthians 3:3). “Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables of the heart.” They had 3000 souls die (Exodus 32:28???), we had 3000 saved on the day of Pentecost. So Moses time was a prophetic parallel. Pentecost was the birth of the church.
The Fall Feasts
There are three fall feasts held together. The Feast of Trumpets on the 1st day of the 7th month. Ten days later, the Day of Atonement. Five days after that, the Feast of Tabernacles, which is a 7 day celebration. Leviticus23:23-24, 26-27, 39-44. “”
The spring feasts were all fulfilled at the time of Christ, but the fall feasts have a strong prophetic implication of the future. The spring feasts have been literally fulfilled by Christ at His first coming and the fall feasts will be literally fulfilled at His second coming.
Now, people either believe in the rapture or they don’t. There are several versions or belief’s about when or how the rapture will take place, as in Pre-tribulation, mid-tribulation, or post-tribulation. Yet all three of those still believe in the rapture, just that it will be fulfilled at a different time in the history of the end-times as it plays out and is fulfilled. But some today in the Christ do not even believe in a literal rapture of the saints and some will say, “where is the sign of His coming” and do not even believe that Jesus will soon return to this earth. Here are the basic scriptures concerning what is referred to as the rapture or catching away of the church of Jesus Christ.
1Thess.4:16-17; 1:9-10. The question is when and the timing. It is when the dead in Christ rise. Some believe it will be on the Feast of Trumpets. Is there a parallel here to be seen?
There are 30 days leading up to the Feast of Trumpets, a time of repentance. The blowing of the trumpets is to call people to repentance before the Feast of Atonement. Jews have always believed it would be the time of the feast of trumpets and many want to be on the Mount of Olives on that day and be right there where they expect the Messiah to come. It is the day of redemption. The shofar is taken and after prayers, it is blown. There are specific patterns of blowing the shofar and they each symbolize something. The first sound is called the “Tekiah” or “blast” and is a short awakening sound. Then the secong is the “Sh’varim” maning “Broken” to represent someone weeping, meaning they have a broken heart. The sound is short broken sounds, one after the other. Then the sound called “T’ruah” meaning “alarm” a staccato sound. Those three sounds are made on that day, then the “Tekiah Hagadolah” meaning the “Great Blast” is blown for as long as their breath holds out, getting louder and louder. All of these are done in succession. There is the sound to wake up, then the sound of brokenness, then the alarm, then the great trumpet blast to be the last trump sound.
God came down, Moses went up, the trumpets sound and Moses goes up to meet God. Exodus 19:16-19. 1Thess.4:16-17, 1 Corinthians 15:52. Many take what Paul said and what John said in Revelation and put them together and say they are the same trump, the ‘trump of God’ and ‘Last Trump’. Rev.11:15. Was Paul talking about the 7th trump of the angel? To the Jews the last trump is the last sound of the trumpet on the Feat of Trumpets. Paul’s writing was long before John’s writing. Paul wrote about 65 ad and John in 90 ad. John got the revelation some 35 years later after Paul’s writing. Paul was a Benjamite and knew Jewish things. That great trump sound on the Feast of Trumpets, is called by the Jews, the last trump and it is believed that it will initiate the resurrection. Paul was Jewish and knew this. God comes down to Mount Sinai to meet Moses on Pentecost and Jesus descends in the second coming to meet His Bride, the church. The sound of the trumpet gets louder and louder and Moses goes up, so with the church of Jesus Christ at the last trumpet sound.
Normally, the trumpets used on the Feasts of Trumpets are made of ram’s horn, though the Jews have used other horns besides that of the ram. The rams horn goes back to Genesis 22:13, when Abraham was sacrificing his son. “And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.” Then Abraham took the ram caught by his horns, and Jewish tradition says he blew the left horn as a trump, the one that was blown on Mt Sinai, but the trump sound at the resurrection will be made with the right horn of a ram.
Reasons for which the Jews blow the ram’s horn.
1. At a coronation.
2. At the beginning of the days of repentance.
3. At the giving of the Torah in wilderness.
4. To compare the message of prophets.
5. Armies who destroyed the temple blasted one trumpet before that destruction.
6. A ram that took Isaac’s place.
7. To put a fear of God in people.
8. Before a time of war.
9. To herald the age of the messiah.
10. At the time of the resurrection.
Ten Jewish reasons for the sounding of the trumpets.
Matthew 25:13 No man knows the day or hour, but the feasts were always started according to the time of the moon, the position of the moon. They could not know when by the day or hour was, but by the witness of the new moon. The high priest saw the witness of the new moon and then made the announcement and 2 days were given for the people to come. It was a 2-day celebration that began when the high priest gave the word.
Then ten days later on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. The high priest took the blood of the animals, a combination of offerings were made, first for himself, then for the Levites and then for the Israelites. This is where the two goats were offered mentioned before. Some say they fasted the entire day until the red thread turned white and their sins were forgiven. On the Day of Atonement, it is possible the rapture happens around that time. The Day of Atonement is a picture of a time of tribulation, broken into two parts of 42 months. In heaven there were three books, one for the righteous, one for the unrighteous and one for the in-between. The Day of Atonement was the time for them to decide if they would repent and become righteous or not.
They say the totally righteous are those whose names are in the Lambs book of life that are raptured. The totally unrighteous are left and take the mark of the anti-Christ, the tares later taken off the earth when Jesus returns and then the last group left to make a decision. The scripture says, the books were opened. There is first the sounding of the trumpets to get the people ready to repent. The Day of Atonement is also known as the Day of Judgment, those who repent and those who don’t. Those who repent are forgiven and blessed, those who don’t are separated. In between the two were ten days from the day of Trumpets to the day of Atonement, where the gate of repentance is still open and offered. Then on the Day of Atonement, God seals that decision and the gates of heaven are closed and sealed and final and there is no more opportunity for repentance. There is a ceremony in the synagogue that means the closing of the gate, meaning God’s decision is final.
Matt.24:21-31, This alludes to the tribulation. Matt.25:31-33 This alludes to the time of His glory. He gathers the elect, when he returns and judges the nations. Joel 3:2 Those in the valley of decision, sheep and goats are separated. The goats go to the lake of fire and the sheep into eternal life. That is after he comes, judges the nations and prepares everything for his kingdom. Atonement is the day that Jesus will judge the nations in Jerusalem. Everything doesn’t happen in one day, both the resurrection of the just and the judgment of the wicked, even as these feasts are over a period of days.
Genesis 5:22 On the day of Pentecost Enoch was translated. Ruth got the gentile bride, Boaz on the day of Pentecost. Ruth was a pagan gentile who married a Jew. She left her lands to follow God’s people and become one of them. Then through this Gentile bride that married Boaz, the kinsmen redeemer, the Jewish heiress got back her inheritance.
In the time of the second temple, the time of Christ and before all the way back to the time of Moses, all Jewish males had to go before the Lord at the time of the three feasts, at Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles to be presented and make an offering to the Lord. Passover is salvation; Pentecost is the Holy Spirit baptism, Trumpets is redemption. Traditionally the feast of booths or tabernacles was representative of the resurrection of the dead. Mt.17:1-5 Peter, James and John are sleeping, as always, and Jesus is transfigured. Peter wakes up and the first thing he says is, “Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.” Not wow, it’s Moses and Elijah or look at Jesus. They actually thought the resurrection had taken place because Jesus was transfigured. The three tabernacles he was referring to had to do with the feast of booths, representing Israel’s wandering for 40 years. They built a booth outside their home and lived and ate there for seven days. Peter is saying, the resurrection has taken place; the tabernacles allude to the Jewish people, or the resurrection. The tabernacles commemorated their living in tents in the wilderness; they made lean-tos and put palm leaves across the top, but left an opening to see the stars. They sang and celebrated. They said seven guests were always present. They were anticipating the time of resurrection and our living in the sight of God, it is called the kingdom feasts, to be fulfilled when Jesus comes. Dan.12:1-2.
Tribulation martyrs are resurrected also at the end of the tribulation. Zech.14:4, Zeph.1:14-16, 2Pet.3:8-9, Rev.20:6 The great Day of the Lord. Succoth is booths, remembering when God dwelt among the people in the wilderness, looking forward to when God would dwell among them again.
Today in the synagogue they read the Torah through each year. In the second temple period, the time of Jesus, the reading was much longer because they sequenced the reading with new moons, the seven feasts and sabbatical feasts, etc. it was read 14 times each 49 years or twice in 7 years, or every 3 ˝ years or 42 months to read the Torah in the time of Jesus.
Jesus ministered for 42 months. Jesus was born around the Feast of Trumpets and died at the Feast of Passover, 30 ˝ years after He was born. LUKE 3:21-23. The announcement and entering of the ministry for Jesus was at the same time, 30 years later. He preached repentance, the theme of the ten days of Trumpets. John 1:19.
The lamb was a symbol and message of the Day of Atonement. Matt.4:1 Then he is tempted 40 days, the perfect timing of the feasts of tabernacles, representing the 40 years in the wilderness. During this time frame of the Feast of Tabernacles, they read from the book of Deuteronomy. When Jesus was tempted of the devil during that time, each quote was made from the book of Deuteronomy. Deut.8:3, 6:13, 4:12. The pattern or sequence of Jesus ministry followed the feast days of Israel.
The Jews baptized unto Moses in the red sea, Jesus in the Jordan river. Israel was led by the cloud, Jesus by the Holy Spirit. Israel was tested 40 years, Jesus 40 days. Israel wanted bread to eat, Satan and challenged the hungry Jesus to turn stones into bread. Israel got into unbelief in terms of God being able to protect them, Satan tried to get Jesus to doubt God could protect him if he threw himself down from the temple. Israel disregarded God and in the temptation Jesus is told to tempt or test God. All parallels. When Jesus finished the temptations, he goes back to Nazareth (Luke 4:14,16).
When the people finished the reading of the Torah after 42 months, they went back to the beginning. At that time the people went back to the place of their birth and had a celebration. It was called rejoice in the Torah, to introduce the beginning of the reading of the Torah. They began reading about the creation and the spirit of God moving over the face of the earth and Jesus takes the high Torah reading of Isaiah 61:1. In the synagogue in Nazareth, they read of the spirit of God on the earth and Jesus read of the spirit of God upon Him. Luke 4:16-18
Jesus brings out the stories of Elijah and Elisha. When they rise up against Him, He goes down to Capernaum. It appears that when they read a subject in the Torah, as the leper, then Jesus would go out and perform a miracle based on what they read in the synagogue. Leviticus13:9, Matt.8:4
At Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem when the priest sprinkles water on the four corners of the brazen alta, he quotes the scripture about living waters from the OT when God would pour out His spirit upon the four corners of the earth. Jesus then says, John 7:37-39. They sing a song from Isaiah 12:3 on the day of tabernacles. “Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.” IT is saying, with joy you draw from the wells of Yeshua, the Messiah, which Jesus applies to Himself.
In John it speaks of the Feast of Dedication, which is Honnica, which is not in the Bible in English. The Feast of Honnica is a feast of the lighting of lights. A honnica menorah was so large at the front of the temple in Jesus time that was so bright it was said you could read the Torah at the bottom of the temple mount from that light. When they went to rededicate the temple after it had been desecrated by Antiochus Ephphanes, they didn’t’ have enough oil and God supernaturally supplied the oil to light the menorah during that period. That is what this feast is about. Jesus goes to that Feast of Dedication, meets a blind man, the priest is saying, I light the world, Jesus told this blind man, I am the light of the world and heals Him. Jesus acted out the law and the prophets and did all the things the law spoke of and the prophets prophesied that the Messiah would do, as the healing of the blind, the lame, the leper and even the raising of the dead.
Numb.5:12-28 The law of the jealous husband. He poured water over the Torah, that part of the law, which we just read, and some of the ink which mixed with the water and dirt went into the cup and if she was guilty, she died. John 8:3-4. What did Jesus write in the dirt? Maybe it was the sins of the people standing there. Jesus said, where are your accusers? She said, I have none. A woman who is guilty of or charged with adultery was judged by the Law of Moses. They had to take the dirt, water and the law and it was used to either condemn or justify the woman. Drinking the drink condemned or set her free. The dirt had to be used in the procedure. He was there where they got the dirt, because there was none in the temple and He interceded for this woman, using the dirt and the law.
Many of the events to happen in the last days will be paralleled to the feasts. It has been said by non-Jews that rebuilding the temple would take 3 ˝ years. If that rebuilding was begun at the fall feasts, then it would be finished at the time of the Passover in the spring, when the temple has to be dedicated. Some think Jesus will come and then the rebuilding of the temple will begin and finish in time for Passover, 3 ˝ years later.
Then another 42 months would take us to the end of the tribulation back to the feast of trumpets and the time they believe is for the resurrection of the dead.
The feasts had partial fulfillments and then future prophetic fulfillments.
The Bible was full of pictures, given to God’s people, to associate with to help the people to learn spiritual truths. God gave pictures to teach principles or concepts, word pictures. In the 7 feasts of Israel, God painted pictures to show us what happened and what is going to happen. They showed patterns of what was to come when they were instituted to lay out God’s plan of salvation in Christ. Understanding the pictures will enhance our relationship with God. The more you understand of God and His plan the more you appreciate what He has done for you.
Jesus fulfilled Passover for us fully, and though He was and is the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world and was our offering for sin; the symbolism of the Day of Atonement will only be fulfilled prophetically at the end time, the time of the resurrection (Feast of Trumpets), the Day of Atonement which is also the Day of Judgment, when all are sealed for eternity as righteous or unrighteous and entering into His eternal kingdom in which God will once again dwell among men as He did with Israel in the wilderness, signified by the Feast of Tabernacles or booths.